Aircraftman 2nd Class William Mansell

Many thanks to Jemma Offley for this research

Mansell W. 1881 Census
1881 Census

William Mansell was born to Michael and Sarah Mansell (previously Sturt) on the 26th June 1873. Michael Mansell was working as a labourer on a yard (Sarah not in employment), although it appears William was born out of wedlock, with their marriage taking place on the 12th September 1874 in Ewhurst. Living in 29 Peaslake Lane, just south of Shere in the borough of Guilford (William’s birthplace), the 1881 census shows him as a scholar with 4 younger siblings also living at that address.

William Mansell Wedding Certificate
William and Alice Mansell’s Wedding Certificate

William grew up to be a bricklayer and gardener, marrying Alice Mary Wood on Christmas Day 1894 in Shere, St James Church. Alice was living at 144 Peaslake Lane according to the 1891 census, which also tells us that William’s family were living at number 140 (although William is not listed to be living with them), showing it is likely the couple met by living so close. William is registered as a labourer, possibly in the same line of work as his father, who is registered as the same.

1901 Census
1901 Census

Alice is not working, but her father, Benjamin Wood is listed as a carpenter. The couple go on to have 5 children: Ernest Jesse (born 29th December 1904), Alice Dora (15th January 1907), Cyril Robert (26th January 1909), Evelyn Maud (3rd June 1911) and Edith Mary (9th January 1914). The 1901 census shows the couple living at 166 Hoe Lane in Shere and Peaslake, just 6 miles from central Dorking.

1911 Census
1911 Census

In 1911, the couple have moved to St John’s Road in Westcott, with William still working as a bricklayer, and showing no military involvement. This is most likely because the age criteria for enlisting in the army were 18-38, William being aged 41 in 1914 and thus not eligible for conscription. He continues his life with his wife and children until 1918 where he then decides to enlist into the newly formed Royal Air Force (created 1st April 1918).

Below is the service sheet for the Royal Air Force, showing William’s involvement in the war. He attested on the 24th August 1918, possibly as a result of the 1918 Conscription Crisis and the threat of the German Offensive after the defeat of the Russians in 1917. He is described as being 5’5’’, with dark hair and complexion. His service number was 288455, which confirms his enlistment between July and September 1918 as a Second Class Airman of the RAF, the lowest rank in the Air Force (previously the air mechanics of the RFC). It appears he never entered active service, completing training at Catfirth in Shetland (RAF base used from June 1918 to September 1919) and transferring to Crystal Palace Discharge Centre on the 10th February 1919.  He died on demobilised furlough on the 17th February 1919, possibly of illness or old age.

William Mansell is buried in Dorking Cemetery, his name engraved on a headstone commissioned by his wife, Alice along with the words “Until We Meet Again”. His wife continued to live in Dorking in 9 Spring Cottage, South Holmwood, dying on the 29th November 1958.

Son of                          Michael and Sarah Mansell (nee Sturt) of 29 Peaslake Lake, Shere
Husband of                  Alice Mary Mansell of 9 Spring Cottages, South Holmwood, ………………………………Dorking

Father of                       Ernest Jesse (1904), Alice Dora (1907), Cyril Robert (1909), Evelyn ……………………………….Maud (1911) and Edith Mary (1914)

Regiment                     Royal Air Force, Airman’s Command Squadron
Number                       288455

Date of Death              17th February 1919
Place of Death             Dorking

Age                              45

Cemetery                    Dorking Cemetery

Mansell W

Image © Royston Williamson 2014