Lieutenant Clive Scotland Harding
Thank you to Lenka Cathersides for this research.
Clive Scotland Harding was born on the 25th of March 1888 in Chittagong, Bengal in India to an Indian Civil Service employee and district judge in Bengal, Francis Henry Harding, and Helena Mary Harding nee Scotland.
Clive’s father, Francis Henry Harding, was born on the 20th of June 1851 in Clerkenwell, Middlesex in England to a surgeon, John Fosse Harding and Susan Harding. Francis Henry was baptized on the 23rd of July 1851 in Clerkenwell. At the time of the baptism the family lived at Mylne Street in Clerkenwell.
Francis Henry’s first wife was called Katherine Eliza Harding. The couple married on the 13th of July 1874. Katherine Eliza was born on the 13th of July 1853 and died on the 19th of May 1880. She was 26 years and 10 months old. Katherine Eliza was buried on the 20th of May 1880 in Arrah, Bengal. She died of ‘puerperil (puerperal) convulsion’.
The couple had three children: Edith Frances Harrison born on the 3rd of April 1875, Maud Katharine/Katherine Harrison born on the 8th of July 1876 and Frank Lawrence Harrison born on the 18th of May 1880.
Francis Henry married his second wife, Clive’s mother, Helena Mary Scotland by Banns on the 10th of October 1883 in Roorkee, Bengal, India. Helena Mary Scotland was born on the 28th of July 1862 in Roorkee, India and baptised on the 3rd of October 1887 at the age of 25 at Chittagong, Bengal, India. Helena’s parents were called Eleanor Rebecca and William Scotland.
Clive Scotland Harrison was born on the 25th of March 1888 in Chittagong, Bengal in India and was baptised on the 24th of May 1888 in Chittagong. At the time of the baptism the family lived at Chittagong and Francis Henry was working as a district judge.
Clive Scotland had a sister Hilda Lisette Harrison who was born on the 27th of February 1885 at Gospel Oak in Middlesex, England.
At the time of the 1891 Census, the family resided at Somerset Lodge, the Avenue, in Twickenham. Francis Henry was working in the Bengal Civil Service and as a judge in Bengal, India. Together with him lived in the house his children from the previous marriage: Edith Frances Harrison, Maud Katharine/Katherine Harrison and Frank Lawrence Harrison. Hilda Lisette was born in the present marriage. The family employed a cook and a housemaid.
Francis Henry Harrison retired from the Indian Civil Service on the 12th of June in 1900.
At the time of the 1901 Census, Clive Scotland resided at the Alleyne’s Grammar School, Oulton Cross, Stone in Staffordshire. He was a boarder there and also nephew of the school headmaster William Joseph Harding, a brother of Clive’s father. The school also employed a governess, cook and two housemaids.
By the time of the 1911 Census, Clive Scotland lived with his family at Woodcote, Coldharbour Road in Dorking, Surrey. Clive’s father was now retired from the Indian Civil Service. At the house also resided Clive’s half sister Edith Frances; his blood sister Hilda Lisette; and nephew Douglas William Scotland working as an assistant of the agriculturist department. Clive was working as a solicitor’s articled clerk. The family had a cook and housemaid. The house had 14 rooms.
After Alleyne’s Grammar School, Clive was educated at Charterhouse. He then served his solicitors articles at the Messrs. Hart. Scales & Hodges in Dorking. At the outbreak of the war he was a fully qualified solicitor in the office of Messrs. Stow, Preston & Lyttelton at 35 Lincoln’s Inn Fields, London.
When the war broke out Clive Scotland enlisted into Kitchener’s Army and immediately entered the Officers Training Corps, after which he was appointed a second Lieutenant of the 11th Battalion, the East Surrey Regiment. He received his Lieutenancy within a month. At the time of his enrolment Clive lived at Woodcote in Dorking.
In early May 1915 men from the regiment received orders, while stationed at Dartmouth for training, to prepare for service in a hot climate. Shortly after they were sent to Egypt, where after a brief stay in Alexandria, they were sent to the Gallipoli Peninsula, where they were attached to the 2nd Hampshire Regiment.
On the 6th of August 1915 in Gallipoli, Clive’s regiment was ordered with the 4th Worcester’s and the 1st Essex, “to make a bayonet charge against the Turkish trenches, which run forward at an angle, and were about 50 yards distant on the left, and 150 yards or more on the right”. Clive Scotland together with four other officers the ‘five Surrey heroes’ died at the head of their men, together with twelve other officers and hundreds of their men, under a deadly fire from about 30 machine-guns”.
Sir Ian Hamilton, Commander in Chief stated in a letter to Clive’s mother: “Whilst making my enquiries I was struck by the consensus of opinion as to the charming disposition and bold soldierly temperament of your son”.
The 1915 Dorking and Leatherhead Advertiser reads:”It should have been mentioned that after Captain Day, in command of the Company, had been shot down shortly after leaving the British trench, Lieut. Harding took over command”.
Private Pridham wrote:”Lieut. Harding led his men, being about 20 yards in front of them. He had his revolver in one hand, and suddenly pitched over. I cannot say whether he fell wounded or exhausted”.
Another soldier, Private Fielder remembered: “He was leading his men, and turned round to wave his hand and call on the men to follow him, when he was shot by more than one bullet in the back. He was a splendid officer”.
According to Colour Sergeant Major Williamson, Lieutenant Harding was a fine soldier and liked and respected by the men of Z Company.
Clive Scotland is commemorated at the Helles Memorial, Gallipoli, Canakkale in Turkey on panel 117. He is also commemorated at the Charterhouse School Memorial Chapel, the Dorking South Street Memorial and the St Martin’s Church Memorial in Dorking.
Clive Scotland left £598, 8s and 6d to his father Francis Henry in the Probate.
He was awarded the British War and Victory medals and the 1915 Star.
According to the 1915 Dorking and Leatherhead Advertiser, Clive’s parents found after he had enlisted a letter from the Head Clerk of his office in London, thanking him “for the excellent influence which he had exerted in the office during his employment there”.
By 1920 Clive’s father Francis Henry made an application for his son’s medals. At this time the family resided at the Kirkstall in Dorking.
Francis Henry died on the 24th of November 1926 and was buried on the 27th of November at the Dorking Municipal Cemetery.
In his will of the 24th of January 1927 Francis Henry left £16525.13.0 of gross value of estate and £16302.14.0 of net value of personal estate to his wife Helena Mary Harrison of Kirkstall in Dorking and to his brother, a retired schoolmaster William Joseph Harrison of Lyme, Regis in Dorset.
Son of Francis Henry and Helena Mary Harding of Kirkstall, Dorking
Regiment 11th East Surrey Regiment attached 11th Hampshire Regiment
Date of Death 6th August 1915
Place of Death Gallipoli
Cause of Death Killed in Action
Memorial Helles Memorial, Turkey
Image © Royston Williamson 2015