Private Edward Henry Clarke

Private Edward Henry Clarke

© Royston Williamson 2015

Thank you to Mickleham and Westhumble Local History Group for allowing Dorking Museum to publish their research.Thank you to Susan and Brian Miller (Grandson of Lillian) for sending us family information and photographs.

Clarke Family
Edward Clarke  with (l-r) sister Ivy, father, Edward, mother, sister Olivette © Brian Miller

Edward was born in 1888 in Maiden Erlegh, Berkshire, the son of Henry (born 1859) and Elizabeth (nee Taylor, born 1861) Clarke. He had two sisters; Olivette (born 1890) and Ivy (1895).

Edward’s father, Henry was a farrier, but in the 1911 census he is listed as a nightwatchman and the family were living in Pressforward Lodge part of the Norbury Park estate.

Edward Clarke
Private Edward Henry Clarke © Brian Miller

Edward enlisted on October 5th 1916 at the Houghton Barracks, Norfolk and joined the 2nd/6th Cyclist Battalion of the Norfolk Regiment, with service number 3183. He was sent to Wendover to start his training.  On 7th May 1917 he was transferred to the 4th Reserve Battalion of the Norfolk Regiment with a new service number, 266069.

Edward Clarke Marriage Certificate
Edward Clarke Marriage Certificate © ancestry.co.uk

Edward Clarke married Lilian Barnes in St. Martin’s Church, Dorking on the 30th September 1917. They had been courting for many years and when they found out that Edward was be posted to France they married straight away. Edward and his two sisters were married within five days of each other: Ivy on 29th September (the day before Edward and Lilian) and Olivette on 4th October.

On 11th October, Edward was assigned to the 17th Infantry Base Depot (IBD) of the British Expeditionary Force, which was one of the holding camps in France set up to keep men in training while waiting to be posted to the front.

He could only have spent a few days at the IBD because he joined the 1st Battalion of the Norfolk Regiment in Berthen, France (about 15 km from Ypres) on 18th October. The battalion had suffered heavy casualties earlier in the month and almost 300 addittonal men were assigned to it on 17th-18th October. Conditions for the troops were appalling during the autumn of 1917 as persistent heavy rain and constant shelling had turned the soil to thick mud.

On 23rd October the battalion left Berthen, crossed into Belgium and, on 26th October, went into the trenches at ‘Stirling Castle’, about 5 km east of Ypres and close to Sanctuary Wood. The battalion remained in the trenches for three days and was shelled repeatedly. It was during this period, on 28th October, that Private Clarke was killed. His body was never found. He is commemorated on the Tyne Cot Memorial which bears the names of those who went missing in the Ypres Salient after 16th August 1917. Edward’s name is also on the Dorking War Memorial.

The Victory Medal and British War Medal were awarded to Edward Clarke posthumously.

Lilian Clarke © Brian Miller

Edward and Lilian had been  married for 28 days when he was killed on October 28th. Lilian was notified of Edwards death on November 12th 1917. She was sent his medals along with a scroll and a plaque. Lilian moved to Epsom to be with her sister Edie after receiving the news of Edward’s death.

Lilian married Tom Wyatt on 16th February 1918 and emigrated to Canada on the Olympic. They returned in 1920 just before their daughter Joan was born. Tom was in the Canadian forces and was being treated for a shrapnel wound at London Hospital Epsom, which is possibly how Lilian and Tom met. Joan’s son Brian Miller and wife Susan now have Edward Clarke’s medals and photographs.

Husband of            Lilian Clarke (nee Barnes) of 12a Wathen Road, Dorking
Son of                     Henry and . Clarke of 12a Wathen Road, Dorking

Regiment                 1st/5th Battalion, Norfolk Regiment
Number                   266069

Date of Death           28th October 1917
Place of Death         France
Cause of Death        Killed in Action

Age                           29

Memorial                 Tyne Cot Memorial

Dorking Advertiser 23rd November 2017

Dorking Museum is very grateful to the following members of Mickleham and Westhumble Local History Society for allowing the Museum to publish their research on the WW1 project; Paul Brown; Roger Davis; Caroline Freuler; Judy Kinloch; Judith Long; Phil Randles; Veronica Randles; Sue Tatham and Fiona Taylor. Thank you also to Ben Tatham and Andrew Tatham.