Private Arthur James Curl

© Royston Williamson 2015

Thank you to Lenka Cathersides for the following research.

Arthur Curl Birth Registration Transcription © findmypast.co.uk
Arthur Curl Baptism Certificate ©ancestry.co.uk

Arthur James Curl was born on the 18th of February 1897 in Dorking, Surrey to labourer and gardener Walter and Emily Hilton. He was baptised on the 18th of April 1897 at St Martin’s Church, Dorking. The family lived in North Street, Dorking.

Arthur’s father Walter was born in the 1st quarter of 1861 in Tidcombe, Wiltshire to farm bailiff William, born about 1823 in Compton Bassett, Wiltshire and Ann, born about 1830 in Birdbush, Wiltshire. His mother Emily was born in the 4th quarter of 1867 in Brockham to gardener Henry, born about 1834 in Brockham, and Caroline, born about 1843 in Abinger. Walter and Emily married in the 1st quarter of 1888 in Dorking, Surrey.

Arthur had five known siblings: Emily C born about 1889; Walter William born at 1893; Herbert R. born about 1901 and Edith Dorothy born about 1903, all in Dorking. Then, Margaret born about 1891 in Brockham.

Arthur Curl 1899 School Admissions Register © Surrey History Centre findmypast.co.uk

On the 29th of May 1899, Arthur was admitted into St Martin’s Church of England School, Dorking for infants. At the time of his admission the family lived in North Street, Dorking. He was transferred on the 30th of March 1904.

Arthur Curl 1901 Census © findmypast.co.uk

At the time of the 1901 Census, the family lived at 20 North Street. Walter was working as a gardener and Emily was at home. The household further comprised of their children: Emily, Margaret, Walter, Arthur and Herbert, plus a boarder, general labourer, George James.

Arthur Curl 1904 School Admissions Register © Surrey History Centre findmypast.co.uk

On the 11 of April 1904, Arthur was admitted into St Martin’s Church of England School, Dorking for Boys. At the time of his admission the family lived in North Street. He left the school on the 2nd of August 1905.

Arthur’s father Walter died in the 2nd quarter of 1906 in Dorking. At the time of the 1911 Census, the widowed Emily Curl was an inmate at the Dorking Union Workhouse, 2 Horsham Road. She died in June 1917 in Dorking.

At the time of the 1911 Census, Arthur was an inmate at an Orphanage in Edgworth, Lancashire.

Arthur enlisted on the 7th of November 1914 in Bolton into the Loyal North Lancashire Regiment. He was a Private with regimental number 17637. At the time of his enlistment he resided at 37 Bolton Road, Edgeworth, Bolton and was working as a crofter. He had a scar on the middle of his chin, a birthmark below his left forearm, a fresh complexion, blue grey eyes and brown hair. He was a Methodist.

He joined his unit at Preston on the 8th of November 1914.

Arthur was discharged due to being considered unlikely to become an efficient soldier under PARA 392 (III) on the 15th of November 1914 in Preston.

Arthur re-enlisted on the 17th of August 1915 in Bolton into the 4/5th Battalion of the Loyal North Lancashire Regiment for duration of the war. He was a Private with regimental numbers 5946 and 242830. At the time of his re-enlistment he lived at 308 Blackburne Road, Bolton.

At the time of his death he was part of the 1/4th Battalion, the Loyal North Lancashire Regiment.

Arthur served from the 18th of August 1917 to the 12th of February 1917 in Bolton, from the 13th of February 1917 to the 9th of January 1918 in France, from the 10th of January 1918 to the 9th of July 1918 he was at home, presumably to recover from shell wounds and from being gassed on the 1st of January 1918, and from 10th of July 1917 until his death Arthur James served in France.

Arthur was killed in an action on the 1st of October 1918 in France.

Arthur Curl Fouquieres Churchyard Extension © CWGC.org

He is buried at the Fouquieres Churchyard Extension in France. His grave registration number is IV.J.1.

Arthur Curl Soldiers Effects © ancestry.co.uk

His sister Edith Dorothy Curl received £7, 4s and 11d on the 30th of January 1919 and a further £14 on the 21st of January 1920 in Soldier’s Effects.

Arthur Curl WW1 Medal Roll Index Card © ancestry.co.uk
Arthur Curl British War Medal and Victory Medal Award Roll © ancestry.co.uk

She also received his personal effects. After the war she lived at Cockshot Farm, Holmbury St Mary, Coldharbour.

Son of                    Emily and Walter Curl of 2 Horsham Road, Dorking
Brother of              Emily Longhurst, Rowmount, Coldharbour
Half Brother of       Edith Dorothy Curl
Next of Kin             Mrs Hilton of 3, Jasmine Cottages, Pixham

Regiment               1/4th Battalion Loyal North Lancashire Regiment

Number                  242830

Wounded               1st January 1918 (Gas)

Date of Death          1st October 1918
Place of Death         France
Cause of Death       Killed in Action

Age                           21

Cemetery                 Fouquieres Churchyard Extension, Pas de Calais