Private Joseph Niland


@ Royston Williamson 2015

Thank you to Lenka Cathersides for the following research.

Joseph Niland Irish Baptism Registration ©

Joseph Niland was born on the 14th of March 1876 in Kildare, Ireland to John Niland and Margaret Niland. He was baptised on the 19th of March 1876 in Kildare and Rathangan.

His father, John Niland was born about 1837 in Galway, Ireland to John Niland Snr. His mother, Margaret Brown was born about 1841 in Galway to Thomas Browne. The widowed John Niland married Margaret Brown on the 12th of September 1864 in Kildare.

Joseph had two known brothers: Patrick, born about 1879 in Kildare, and John E.

At the time of the 1901 Census, the family resided in Ireland. The household comprised of John and Margaret and their sons Patrick and Joseph.

Joseph attested on the 7th of January 1903 in Dublin into the Irish Guards. He was a Private with service number 1556. At the time of his attestation he was working as a groom. Joseph had a fresh complexion, brown eyes and black hair. He was over 5ft tall.

On the 10th of January 1903 Joseph joined the Irish Guards in London.

Joseph married Emily Butler on the 28th of January 1907 at the Kensington Registry Office.

Emily Butler was born about 1880 in Cherhill, Wiltshire to carpenter Jesse Butler, born about 1852 in Blackland, Wiltshire and Mary Butler, born about 1848 in Calne, Wiltshire.

Joseph Niland, under the alias of David Patrick Niland, unlawfully married Daisy Maud Kent on the 10th of January 1909 at the Dorking Registration Office.

Daisy Kent ©

Daisy Maud Kent was born in the 3rd quarter of 1885 in Tottenham, to burner John Kent, born about 1856 in Hertfordshire and Marie Josephine Kent, born about 1851 in Belgium. Daisy was baptised on the 11th of October 1885 at St Ann’s church in Tottenham.

On the 7th of January 1911 Joseph Niland was transferred into the Army Reserve. He started to work as a labourer in Dorking.

Joseph Niland Bigamy Case 1st April 1911 © Dorking Advertiser

Joseph Niland was arrested in South Street, Dorking at 7.45pm on the 25th of March 1911, and was taken to the police station where he was charged with bigamy. The prisoner replied: “I don’t remember anything about it”. (1911 Dorking and Leatherhead Advertiser)

Joseph Niland Bigamy Case 8th April 1911 © Dorking Advertiser

On the 27th of March 1911 Joseph Niland was awaiting trial for bigamy. He was convicted of felony and sentenced to 9 months of imprisonment.

Joseph Niland 1911 Census ©

At the time of the 1911 Census, Joseph Niland was a prisoner at HM Prison, Brixton Hill, Brixton, London. He stated that he was married and prior to his imprisonment was working as a labourer on a farm.

At the time of the 1911 Census, Joseph’s wife Emily Niland was a cook for William C. Carre at 8 St James’ Square in Bath, Somerset. Mr Carre was a German living of private means.

At the time of the 1911 Census, Joseph’s unlawful wife Daisy Maud Kent (Niland) lived with her parents John and Marie Josephine Kent at 47 Orchard Road in Dorking. John Kent was working as a burner.

On the 17th of July 1911, Joseph Niland was discharged from prison. He was in the Army for 8 years and 192 days. He served on the home front from the 7th of January 1903 to the 17th of July 1911.

Joseph re-enlisted in 1915 in Warley, Essex into the 2nd Battalion, the Irish Guards. He was a Private with regimental number 6224. At the time of his enlistment he resided in Dorking. He disembarked on the 17th of August 1915 in France.

Joseph Niland died of wounds on the 19th of July 1917 in France.

Joseph Niland Mendinghem Military Cemetery Roll of Honour ©

He is buried at the Mendinghem Military Cemetery in Belgium. His grave reference number is: II.F.10.

He received the British War and Victory medals and the 1915 Star.

Joseph Niland Soldiers Effects ©

Joseph’s unlawful wife Daisy Maud Kent (Niland) received £6, 9s and 8d on the 4th of February 1918 and a further £12 and 10s on the 1th of December 1919 in Soldier’s Effects.

In 1917 Daisy Maud Kent (Niland) lived at 47 Orchard Road in Dorking, Surrey.


Born Kildare, Ireland
Son of John and Margaret Niland of Kildare
Husband of Daisy Maude Niland of 47 Orchard Road, Dorking
Regiment 2nd Battalion, Irish Guards
Number 6224
Date of Death 19th July 1917
Place of Death Ypres, Belgium
Cause of Death Died of Wounds
Age 37
Cemetery Mendinghem Military Cemetery, Proven, Belgium
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