Private Leonard Cumper

Thank you to Jane Anthony for the following research.

Born in about 1883 in Shere, the third of six sons of Albert, a wheelwright, and Emily. Both parents were also born locally. In the 1901 census he was working as a baker’s journeyman and living in Gomshall. By 1911 he had married Jessie and was living in Abinger Hammer and working as a grocer and baker, their daughter Evelyn aged six months.

He enlisted in the 10th Battalion Royal Fusiliers, which is also known as the London Regiment. This was quite unusual in that this battalion, which was arguably the first of the Pals Battalions, was known as the Stockbrokers Battalion, most of the recruits having been drawn from workers in the City of London.

He was killed, aged 34, in action 23rd April 1917 and buried at Chili Trench Cemetery near Gavrelle. He was killed during the third Battle of Arras, an offensive to breach the Oppy Line near Gavrelle. The preliminary bombardment of the trenches was afailure and the subsequent attack was limited to taking the village of Gravelle with a high casualty count. This battle was overshadowed by the Battle of Vimy Ridge on the same date.

Leonard Cumper is commemorated as being a member of the Loyal Tillingbourne Lodge at Oddfellows Hall.

Born Shere, Surrey
Lived Abinger Hammer, Surrey
Son of Albert and Emily Cumper
Husband of Jessie Cumper
Regiment 10th Battalion. Royal London Regiment
Number 43614
Date of Death 23rd April 1917
Place of Death Arras, France
Cause of Death Killed in Action
Age 34
Memorial Chili Trench Cemetery near Gavrelle
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